Kazakhstan Travel Budget Report – Travel Expenditures on our Road Trip


In Kazakhstan, once you’re someone’s guest, it’s really hard to get away – everyone wants you to stay. They believe that if you invite a guest, luck will fly into your house.

From: Tim Cope, On the Trail of Genghis Khan

In this Travel Budget Report we share our expenditures during our overland journey in Kazakhstan, and on what. We elaborate on those expenditures, detailing on visas & car papers, gas stations & fuel, car maintenance & repairs, accommodation, public transport, sightseeing, and more.

Of course, we all have our own budgets and levels of comfort that we need for our road trip and this is meant to give a general idea of what you may expect on an overland journey through Kazakhstan. Some expenditures are fixed, such as visas, whereas travel expenditures on accommodation may be very different for you.

Mangystau, Kazakhstan (©Coen Wubbels)
Mangystau, west Kazakstan
Kazakhstan in winter (©Coen Wubbels)

In this blog post, we share our overland-trip experience. For all general travel information, please make use of guidebooks on the region. Two guidebooks we used in Kazakhstan were:

Overland road trip with the Land Cruiser in winter landscape of Kazakhstan
Mausoleum in Kazakhstan (©coen Wubbels)

Check it out: the Landcruising Adventure Throw-Pillow Collection

Index for our Our Kazakhstan Travel Budget Report

Our Overland Travel Information Pages for Kazakhstan consists of two parts: The Kazakhstan Overland Travel Guide, and this is the Kazakhstan Travel Budget Report.

In this blog post we will discuss the following topics:

Restored part of ancient settlement or Otrar
meeting locals, Kazakhstan (©Coen Wubbels)
locals drop by for a chat

1 – Money Matters

The Kazakh currency is Tenge (KZT). In Oct ’22 the rate was 462 Tenge to a euro / 476 Tenge to a US dollar.

We easily found ATMs for our Maestro debit car in big cities such as Almaty, Shymkent, Aralsk, Uralsk.

We generally paid with cash, so we have little experience on the use of credit cards or bank cards to pay for gas, food, or accommodation, but we do notice it is increasingly easy to pay with cards and with contactless ways, including ApplePay.

More details about money issues on Caravanistan.

Kazakhstan Country Stats:

  • Telephone code: +7
  • Time: UTC (GMT) +5.
  • Electric Voltage: 220AC (50Hz).
  • Weights and Measures: Metric.

Kazakhstan, Bradt Travel Guides

money Kazakhstan (©Coen Wubbels)

2 – Our Kazakhstan Travel Budget Report

Budget Pie Kazakhtan:

  • Time traveled in Kazakhstan: 165 days (over7 stays between Dec. 2018 and June/July 2022)
  • Average expenditure: € 34 /day (2 persons).
  • Total kilometers driven: 16257 kilometers
  • Average kms/day: 98
  • For details on our route, see our Overland Travel Guide.

Not included: health insurance, electronics.

Notes on our Kazakhstan Travel Budget & Stats:

  • Land Cruiser expenditures are detailed under #4 below. The power-steering repair was expensive (€370).
  • Public Transport = 1 flight from NL.
  • Because of traveling in winter, we stayed in a couple of guesthouses in towns for a bit of comfort.
  • Driving 98 kilometers a day is a lot for us, which added to the costs for diesel.

3 – Documentation 4%
(Visa & Temporary Import Document)

3a- Visa for Kazakhstan

At the border we got a 30-day visa free of charge. We couldn’t extend our visa but it was easy to hop across the border and return to get another 30-day visa.

We did so once from Bishkek (to Kyrgyzstan) and once from Beyneu (to Uzbekistan), and both times not taking the Land Cruiser as those car papers were still valid. This summer we’ll cross into Uzbekistan (Tashkent border) because we (also) need to renew the TID for the Land Cruiser.

Caravanistan is an up-to-date website to check whether you need a visa or not. Or check with the embassy.

Church in Kazakhstan

3b- Carnet de Passage / Temporary Import Document for Kazakhstan

Carnet / TID

You don’t need a Carnet de Passage for Kazakhstan but you are issued with a Temporary Import Document (TID) for your vehicle at the border. The TID is free of charge and valid for 1 year for the Eurasian Customs Unions which includes Russia, Kazakhstan, and Kyrgyzstan.

Third-party insurance:

Although officially Kazakhstan requires a third-party insurance before issuing the Temporary Import Document, the customs officials didn’t ask for it, neither when entering from Russia nor from Uzbekistan.

Coming from Russia (winter ’18):

  • We bought third-party insurance just before crossing the small border post in northeast of Kazakhstan at Shemonaika – Zmeinogorsk. GPS: 50.809630, 81.965900
  • The 30-day third-party insurance cost RUB 2550 (KZT14.234).

Coming from Uzbekistan (winter ’19):

  • We bought a third-party insurance in Shymkent. You can find multiple offices in town.
  • Here you could a third-party insurance for two weeks, one month or three months (and three months was cheaper than twice one month, but we forgot how much that was or where we bought it :-().

Coming from Kyrgyzstan (summer ’22):

  • We bought a third-party insurance right behind the Kordai border, on your right side next to the petrol station.
  • We paid KZT 17.000 for one month.
christmas in Kazakhstan (©Coen Wubbels)

3c- Leaving Kazakhstan without the Land Cruiser

Winters are long in this part of the world. So we organized a long-term parking spot for the Land Cruiser and flew out for a long-distance hike in Israel (the 1000-km National Trail). Thanks to a local friend we found a good place to store the Land Cruiser, it ended up staying there over a year due to covid.

We didn’t organize any paperwork to leave the country without our Land Cruiser and no questions were asked.

Read More: What is a Temporary Import Document

Camels on the steppe in Kazakhstan
Kaindy Lake, Kazakhstan (©Coen Wubbels)
Kaindy Lakes, with flooded forest

4 – The Land Cruiser Repairs & Maintenance 25%

1. Worn Tires

Coming from Russia, we arrived in Kazakhstan with the Land Cruiser’s shoes about to be thrown out:

  • One car tire was pretty much gone and had put it on the rear as a spare tire.
  • As a result we drove on 3 studless winter tires and one regular tire.

A second studless tire gave out as well and was beyond fixing. This required us to buy two second-hand studless tires just to drive to Almaty, the first city where we could buy a new, good set of tires.

Note the word ‘got’ in the sentence! These beautiful BF Goodridge tires were a super generous Christmas gift from a fervent follower of our journey: Ben Steiner (read the full story here)

When you arrive in Almaty and find a tire store, pick out a pair of tires and let me know what the total cost is of the tires installation is. Hopeful to travel the world soon. I believe in Karma and someday I will be in need no doubt. I have the means to help you know and hope when I am in need I will have someone willing to help. Let me know the total and have a happy holiday. ~Ben Steiner

Read more: The Magic-number Car Tires for your Overland Journey

Recommended Tire-Trouble Gear

(click on the images to check them out)

Pressure Gauge

Hydraulic Bottle Jack


Products from Amazon

2. Too Many Rough-Road Problems

The rough 800-km steppe crossing from Aralsk to Beyneu cost us dearly:

  • The passenger door hardly opened anymore, only with force.
  • The rooftop tent had come loose and needed to be reattached.
  • Two broken leaf springs.
  • In the middle of nowhere we lost the brakes due to a leakage in the hard line – that is, the joint was broken at the brake master. How we got it fixed is for another story.
  • The steering wheel somehow came to sit almost an inch higher than normal and so missed the connection with the horn contacts and the automatic return of the blinker switch.

So we had the necessary work done in Aktau. The guys were kind enough and solved the problems, however, none were long-term solution (e.g. they added a spring leaf from a Kamaz Master but couldn’t properly curve it, and so the right rear suspension is much flatter now).

3. No more Power Steering & Fried Voltage Regulator

The power steering had been giving problems for over a year. A repair in Tashkent didn’t bring the solution. This time they worked on the problem in Almaty, thanks to ARB who connected us with Vadim. Via other contacts, a workshop eventually found a problem with the steering gearbox and pump.

They replaced the pump with a Toyota Camry version, and due to lots of testing – thus taking it in and out – Coen suspects they must have touched something else because soon after this problem was solved, the voltage regulator fried.

As we speak we have not been able to get it solved in Almaty or Shymkent. We’ll try in Tashkent.

5 – Diesel & Gas Stations 15%

Diesel costs around €0,48 per liter (Summer ’22). Prices used to vary slightly, but don’t seem to do so this summer (new government policy?).

On the stretch Ust Kamenogorsk – Semey – Almaty – border Kyrgyzstan (winter ’18) were plenty of gas stations. However, there was no winterized diesel except in Ust-Kamonogorsk and we needed to buy a bottle of liquid that you add to the tank when fueling up.

On the stretch Shymkent – Aralsk (winter ’19) were a couple of gas stations and we could find winterized diesel (240-280 KZT / liter) as well as regular diesel (around 190-200 KZT / liter). No winterized diesel in the Mangystau Region, but then temps in that part of the country never go much below freezing. If they do, you can buy anti-gelling additives at the more modern fuel stations. Don’t expect diesel on the off-road stretch from Aralsk to Beyneu except in Bozoy.

In the southeast it was no problem to find gas stations, but oddly enough there are very few on the highway driving westward from Almaty.

ARB Almaty, Kazakhstan (©Coen Wubbels)

Recommended Books on Overlanding

(click on the images to look inside)

Left beyond the Horizon – Christopher Many

City of Myths, River of Dreams – James Marr

Crossing the Congo – Mike Martin

Products from Amazon

6 – Public Transport 8%

The money spent on Public Transport = our flight to NL.

We did not use public transport in Kazakhstan, but we love some of the artistic bus shelters.

Travel Guides for Kazakhstan

(click on the images to look inside)

Insight Guides – Silk Road

Lonely Planet Travel Guides – Central Asia

Bradt Travel Guides – Kazakhstan

Products from Amazon

7 – Sightseeing 1%

1- Sightseeing in East Kazakhstan

Due to the cold, gray weather, our sightseeing in this region was limited. The downtown areas of Ust-Kamonogorsk and Semey were nice enough and we checked out the petroglyphs of Akbaur.

Sightseeing in Kazakhstan
Petroglyphs in Kazakhstan
Petroglyphs of Akbaur
War monument Kazakhstan (©Coen Wubbels)

2- Sightseeing in South Kazakhstan


We were disappointed, but then we had seen the great architectural pieces in Uzbekistan… Additionally, the main mausoleum was under restoration (Nov ’19). In fact, the entire pilgrimage site was being renovated and we expect it to turn into one big Disney-type affair. If that’s what you like, go. If not, head to Uzbekistan and find the true mausoleum treasures in Samarkand and Bukhara.

Turkestan Mausoleum, Kazakhstan (©Coen Wubbels)

Aralsk and the surroundings of the Aral Lake:

We found Aralsk a depressing town, but bad weather made have added to that feeling. No matter the weather, the story of the Aral Sea dying is tragic. However, it’s partly being brought back to life and that story is fascinating and I’m glad we paid it a visit.

Read More: A Rainy Day in Aralsk; a Random Day in Overlanding

The Aral Sea, Kazakhstan
The Aral Sea
Museum in Aralsk, Kazakhstan with 4 remaining fishing boats
Museum in Aralsk with the remaining fishing boats line along the harbor.

3- Sightseeing in Southwest Kazakhstan

The real treasure of Kazakhstan thus far has been the Mangystau Region for its mind-blowing landscapes of canyons and limestone rock formations, particularly the Ustyurt Plateau.

The sightseeing part of the region was fascinating with incredible cemeteries and underground mosques.

Read More: Why we Travel Overland – the Tuzbair Salt Lake of Mangystau

Koshkar Ata, cemetery Kazakhtan
Koshkar Ata, a massive cemetery north of Aktau.
Underground mosque, Kazakhstan
underground mosque

4- Sightseeing in Southeast Kazakhstan

This clearly is the touristy part of Kazakhstan, and understandably so. The Charyn Canyon (and adjacent Temerlik and Yellow Canyon) are mind-blowing beautiful, as are the otherworldly landscapes of the Aktau Mountains in Altyn Emel National Park.

The famous Kordai Lakes and Kaindy Lake are part of an incredibly scenic landscape, for sure, but attracts thousands of visitors and many leave their garbage in the picnic spots. If you like crowds, visit in the weekend or holiday seasons. If not, go in spring or autumn, on week days.

It’s good region for those who love petroglyphs. We found Tamgaly (east of Almaty, UNESCO site, Iron & Bronze Age) and Tamgaly-Tas (northeast of Almaty, Buddhist carvings) both very impressive. Tamgaly-Tas is on the Ili River and great for camping (expect mosquitoes though). There’s another petroglyph site in the Altyn-Emel National Park.

Note on the Altyn-Emel National Park: to enter the west side (and see the petroglyphs), you need to organize your tickets in Almaty. We didn’t and couldn’t enter. To enter the east side for the fabulous Aktau mountains and the Singing Sand Dune, you can buy the tickets in Basshi.

Golden Man Museum, Esik / Issyk, Kazakhstan (©Coen Wubbels)
Golden Man Museum, Esik / Issyk.
Tamgaly Tas, Buddhist carvings
Mosque turned museum in Zharkent.
Cemeteries and individual mausoleums/tombs everywhere – we like to check them out.

5- Sightseeing in Central Kazakhstan

Among the many places we visited were Zeshqazkhan, the Ulytau Mountains, Lake Tengiz, the incredible impressive Alzhir museum (about the women gulag), Astana (or Nur Sultan as it was called then), and a second impressive museum about the gulag (karlag) system in Dolinka,

Lake Tengiz, off road Central Kazakhstan (©Coen Wubbels)
Lake Tengiz

8 – Accommodation & Camping 12%

1- Accommodation/Camping in East Kazakhstan

Because of winter we didn’t wild camp. We stuck to parking lots of roadside cafes – convenient but boring. In cities we stayed with local people, either through Couchsurfing (find us under ‘Coen Wubbels’) or through invitations of locals. We like to take up these invitations, which have always contributed to a deeper appreciation of the country.

2- Accommodation/Camping in South & Southwest Kazakhstan

In Shymkent we stayed in a lovely hostel that we can much recommend, the Sweet Home Hostel. A friendly owner, artistic interior, good hot showers, clean. WiFi not so good, we used our mobile data. Find the guesthouse on iOverlander.

We did wild camp in south and southwest Kazakhstan in winter, and were fine with the Planar Heater. Temps were around freezing – not as cold as I had expected.

3- Accommodation/Camping in Southeast Kazakhstan

This summer we spent wild camping everywhere in southeast Kazakhstan in some gorgeous landscapes, particularly the earlier mentioned Altyn Emel National Park and in/around the Charyn Canyon.

Here is an elaborate post on Overland Camping in Kazakhstan.

Camping on the steppe in Kazakhstan
Camping on the steppe.
Camping in the Mangystau region of Kazakhstan
Camping in the Mangystau Region.

9 – Other Expenditures 35%

I keep a journal with the above-mentioned travel-budget expenditures. All money spent minus these registered expenditures is ‘Other Expenditures’, of which I don’t keep the details. This basically comes to money spent on groceries and eating out.

Wild camping and doing laundry in the river. @armadillomerino
Time for another hike!

Tips, Suggestions, Feedback?

We hope you find this Kazakhstan Travel Budget Guide useful. Do you have questions or your own experiences to add? Feel free to do so in the comment section below. Thanks!

Don’t forget to check out the Kazakhstan Overland Travel Guide, which gives an elaborate overview of all things related to roads, roadmaps, navigation, traffic rules and traffic police, language, apps, SIM cards, WiFi, and more.

Fist published in 2020 / updated October 2022

Don’t forget, the Kazakhstan Overland Travel Guide!

Check it out: the Landcruising Adventure Clothes for Kids & Toddlers

Stay up to Date

Would you like to stay in the loop on all things Landcruising Adventure?

Sign up for our newsletter and get the latest news.

No spam, rare enough so as not to annoy, and easy to unsubscribe from.

Inspired? Pin it to your Pinterest Travel Boards

(Click on the image to pin it)

More Travel Guides for Overlanders:

Leave a Comment